Article: Promoting International Trade and Reducing Barriers The UK and the EU are negotiating a trade deal that is due to start on 1 January 2021, when the new UK-EU relationship will begin. Trade agreements Requirements for EU trade agreements, types of agreements, details of current trade agreements. Trade agreements also aim to remove quotas – limiting the amount of goods that can be traded. EU trade policy, types of trade agreements, status of trade negotiations, research of international trade policies. The European Union has free trade agreements  and other agreements with a trade component with many countries around the world and negotiates with many other countries.  While free trade agreements are supposed to boost trade, too many cheap imports could threaten a country`s producers, which could affect employment. In 2019, bilateral trade between Germany and Vietnam amounted to about 14 billion euros. The stock of German direct investment in Vietnam amounted to about 840 million euros in 2017. More than 300 German companies are currently active in the Vietnamese market.
In accordance with the ECJ guidelines, the EU is now designing free trade agreements to remain within the exclusive competence of the EU. Therefore, areas such as investor-state dispute settlement and portfolio investments must be negotiated in the case of separate agreements. This clear division of the domains into different agreements makes it possible for European legislators to ratify and enforce free trade agreements quickly and reliably. However, such a separation is not possible if trade agreements are an integral part of political association agreements (for example. B with Ukraine, Mexico, Mercosur, etc.). These contracts remain mixed, if only because of the foreign and security policy components (the EU negotiations with Mercosur are based on a 20-year term and do not involve the settlement of investor-state disputes). Malaysia: Discussions on the establishment of a free trade agreement between the EU and Malaysia began in October 2010. Negotiations have stalled since the end of round 7 in 2012. The European Commission is working to resume these discussions. The framework for EU relations with Ukraine is established by the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (CPA) which came into force in 1998. In 2014, the EU and Ukraine signed the Association Agreement, which has been in the works since 2008 and aims to replace the existing Partnership and Cooperation Agreement and create a comprehensive and comprehensive free trade area. The political component of the agreement has been applied provisionally since 1 November 2014, as it falls within the scope of the EU`s powers alone.
The part of the agreement, which provides for a free trade agreement, has been applied on an interim basis since 1 January 2016, including to the extent that the EU is the only one with the power to implement it.