Notwithstanding the provisions of other articles of this agreement, a member who informed the Fund that he was considering the use of transitional provisions under this provision may maintain restrictions on payments and transfers of ongoing international transactions as of the date of entry into the agreement and adapt to changing circumstances. However, in their exchange rate policy, members are constantly attentive to the Fund`s objectives and, as soon as conditions permit, they take all possible steps to develop trade and financial agreements with other members facilitating international payments and promoting a stable exchange rate system. In particular, members remove the restrictions in this section as soon as they are satisfied that, in the absence of such restrictions, they will be able to pay their balance of payments in a manner that does not place undue pressure on their access to the Fund`s general resources. Each member contributes to a sum of money called a quota subscription. Quotas are audited every five years and are based on the prosperity and economic performance of each country – the richer the country, the higher its rate. Quotas are a pool of loan funds and determine how much money each member can borrow and how much voting rights they will have. For example, the U.S. contribution of about $83 billion represents the majority of all IMF members and accounts for about 17% of the total. The United States received about 17% of the vote on the Board of Governors and the Executive Council. The group of eight industrialized countries (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, Great Britain and the United States) controls almost 50% of the Fund`s total votes.
5. When a member has reached an agreement with the Fund covered in point 3, the Fund uses the currencies of other members assigned to that member in accordance with point 2 (d) to pay the member`s currency, the other members who have entered into agreements with the Fund under 3, under 3. Each amount thus collected is cashed in the currency of the member to whom it has been allocated. The creation of global economic institutions has been both a symptom and a stimulus to globalization. The development of the World Bank, IMF regional development banks, such as the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) and multilateral trade institutions such as the WTO, marks an abandonment of state domination as a major player analyzed in international affairs.