Although There Is No Agreement On How To Speak Of Ancient Religious Ways

The Qur`an, the Holy Book of Islam, contains verses calling on Muslims to express their tolerance for other religions, especially Jews and Christians. All three are the “men of the Book,” who share a reverence for Abraham. But there are other verses close to any possible understanding between Muslims and followers of other religions: Islam is almost exclusively fundamentalist. “In Islam, it is not religion that is part of life, but life is part of religion.” (Habib Boulares) 9 Among the most well-known Islamic-fundamentalist movements are the Muslim Brotherhood and the Islamic Party (Jamaat-I Islami), and there are many extremist offshoots. The initial goal of the Muslim Brotherhood was to reform Islamic society by eliminating Western influence. Their current goal is the creation of theocratic Islamic states. The initial goal of the Islamic Party was to form a cadre of future leaders capable of rebuilding Muslim society. Their main interest still seems to lie in education, although science is considered bad in itself. Hezb-Allah (allah`s party) was founded in 1973 by Ayatollah Mahmoud Ghaffari in Qom. In 1987, it had more than one million members in the Islamic Republic of Iran alone.

Extremist Islamic fundamentalism cannot imagine coexistence or political compromise. A world based on religious and political diversity is repugnant to them. Their goal seems to be a world ruled by a theocratic dictatorship based on the Qur`an and Islam. Their doctrine justifies or even requires violence, terrorism and war against enemies in the service of Allah. Throughout the history of the Old East, people used formal arrangements to pass on power and assign commitments between two parties, normally kings. Scholars call these agreements contracts or, more often in Bible studies, covenants. Sometimes kings were equal, and sometimes one member was superior to Suzerain, to the other, the vassal. The most famous treatises of the Old East come from the Hethians of the second millennium from the beginning to the mid-century BC. C and the Neo-Assyrians, whose kingdom flourished from the beginning of the ninth century to the end of the seventh century BC.C. Neo-Assyrian kings also imposed contractual agreements on entire populations; Scholars call these oaths of allegiance. ยง.2.

This Son of God, the first witness of all creatures, to this heavenly Adam and high priest, as the Jewish doctors call him, is in fact a medium between God and creatures. And the existence of such an intermediate being is as detectable as there is a God; what is meant by such a being, which, indeed, is less than God in his own nature, but greater and more excellent than all other creatures; hence he is also called, rightly for His Excellency, the Son of God. . . .